The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Braz J Infect Dis 2014;18:434-40 - Vol. 18 Num.4 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjid.2013.11.013
Review article
Kidney involvement in leishmaniasis—a review
Geraldo Bezerra da Silva Juniora,b, , Elvino José Guardão Barrosc, , Elizabeth De Francesco Dahera,,
a Post-Graduation Program in Medical Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine, Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC), Fortaleza, CE, Brazil
b School of Medicine, Master in Collective Health, Health Sciences Center, Universidade de Fortaleza, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil
c Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
Received 30 September 2013, Accepted 11 November 2013
Abstract

Leishmaniasis is an infectious disease caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania transmitted by insects of the genus Lutzomyia sp. or Phlebotomus sp. The main syndromes are cutaneous leishmaniasis, mucocutaneous leishmaniasis, visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) and post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis. This article reviews kidney involvement in cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis, highlighting the aspects of their pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, histopathological findings, outcome and treatment.

Keywords
Visceral leishmaniasis, American cutaneous leishmaniasis, Kala-azar, Kidney disease
Braz J Infect Dis 2014;18:434-40 - Vol. 18 Num.4 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjid.2013.11.013