The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Braz J Infect Dis 2017;21:349-52 - Vol. 21 Num.3 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjid.2017.01.003
Case report
Aneurysm and dissection in a patient with syphilitic aortitis
Fernando Pivatto Júniora,, , Bruno Schaaf Finklera, Felipe Soares Torresb, Pedro Guilherme Schaeferc, Eduardo Sprinza,d
a Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Divisão de Medicina Interna, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
b Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Divisão de Radiologia, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
c Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Divisão de Patologia, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
d Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Departamento de Medicina Interna, Divisão de Doenças Infeciosas, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
Received 04 September 2016, Accepted 05 January 2017
Abstract

In the antibiotic era, aortic aneurysm is a rare complication of syphilis, what makes the diagnostic assumption even more difficult. Nonetheless, this condition should be suspected in patients with aortic aneurysm. Reports of aortic dissection complicating syphilitic aortitis have been distinctly rare in the literature, and their cause-effect relationship has not been definitely established. In this case report, we present a 62-year-old woman with aortic aneurysm and dissection associated with an unexpected diagnosis of syphilitic aortitis.

Keywords
Syphilis, Syphilis, Cardiovascular, Aneurysm, Dissection
Braz J Infect Dis 2017;21:349-52 - Vol. 21 Num.3 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjid.2017.01.003